Edited by: Tecnológico Superior
Corporativo Edwards Deming
July - December Vol. 6 - 2 - 2022
e-ISSN: 2576-0971
Received: October 27, 2021
Approved: February 09, 2022
Page 1 - 15
Use of tics in the performance of agricultural
Uso de las tics en el desempeño de las actividades agricolas
Pedro Vélez Duque
The objective of this work is to determine the use of ICTs
in the performance of agricultural activities of the
Agronomy Engineering Career at the Guayaquil campus of
the Agrarian University of Ecuador. During the
development of this work we examined the necessary
aspects such as the fulfillment of goals, privacy of
information, access and administration of information
regarding the management of information and
communication technologies and inclusion of new ideas,
use of working hours, predisposition with the agricultural
work, fulfillment of goals, predisposition of the members
to perform their work regarding the performance of
agricultural actions, to determine the impact of this study,
we used statistical tools, observation, surveys in order to
improve some appropriate aspects with the resources that
we have in the aforementioned institution.
Keywords: Tics, Performance, Impact, Survey,
Agricultural Activities.
El presente trabajo tiene objetivo es determinar el uso de
las Tics en el desempeño de las actividades agrícolas de la
Carrera de Ingeniería Agronómica Sede Guayaquil,
Universidad Agraria del Ecuador. Durante el desarrollo de
este trabajo se examinó los aspectos necesarios como el
cumplimiento de las metas, privacidad de información,
acceso y administración de información en cuanto al
manejo de las tecnologías de información y comunicación
se refiere e inclusión de nuevas ideas, aprovechamiento de
horas de trabajo, predisposición con la labor agrícola,
cumplimiento de metas, predisposición de los miembros
para realizar su trabajo en cuanto al desempeño de
acciones agrícolas, para determinar el impacto de este
estudio, se usó las herramientas estadísticas, de
observación, encuestas con el fin de mejorar algunos
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e-ISSN: 2576-0971
aspectos adecuados con los recursos que se tiene en la
institución antes mencionada.
Palabras clave: Tics, Desempeño, Impacto, Encuesta,
Actividades Agrícolas.
The effect of data innovation on the planet is given by covering the need to get to the
data and work in different cycles, particularly in agricultural activities and furthermore
the requirement for farmers to work in their activities as a functional worker in giving
and procuring information intuitively, therefore understanding that at present in
numerous companies put the attempt to invest in applications and technology so that
their clients have the right climate so that they can use them and perform their activities
in a more suitable way.
For farmers, ICT - Information and Communication Technologies - are essential to their
daily routines. No doubt, at every moment of the day, they use these advances, whether
in precision farming, on the Internet, in online market observation.... In agribusiness, we
have entered the period of machine-to-machine communication and onboard
Despite the computerized divide that persists between urban and rural regions,
agricultural producers must be at the forefront of innovative advances. In other words,
wherever farming takes place, we will have computerized technological advances. Finally,
agriculture can be considered as possibly one of the sectors where advanced technology
has developed the most.
In addition, like water, seeds and fertilizers, data is a major part of agriculture and ICT
plays an important role in facilitating access to information.
The design to be applied in the research will be descriptive and correlational, since
before establishing a relationship, the behavior of each of the variables will have to be
studied and described separately. These designs have the particularity of allowing the
researcher to analyze and study the relationship of facts and phenomena of reality
(variables), to know their level of influence or absence of them, seeks to determine the
degree of relationship between the variables under study. (Carrasco, 2015).
Through the research method we arrive at the problem statement, i.e. the need to
determine the importance of the use of ICTs also leads to assess how to proceed in
terms of the optimal use of technological tools for an adequate approach to the needs
of agricultural activities in the agronomy engineering career at the Guayaquil campus of
the Agrarian University of Ecuador.
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e-ISSN: 2576-0971
The sketch placed to symbolize this design is as follows. (Mendoza, 2016):
Figure 1. Components involved in the Research Design
Note: The components that make up the research design. Mendoza, R. (2016).
Information and communication technology and job performance of the administrative
staff of the 404 Executing Unit 404 Hospital II-2 Tarapoto, 2016. Trujillo-Peru:
Universidad Cesar Vallejo. Retrieved from
M: Members of the educational community of the agronomy engineering career,
Universidad Agraria del Ecuador.
: Information and Communication Technologies
: performance of agricultural activities
r: ratio
Variables and Operationalization.
Variable 1: Information and communication technologies
Variable 2: Performance of agricultural activities
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e-ISSN: 2576-0971
Table 1. Operationalization of variables
Information and
ICT's and community
Transformation brought about by
The academic unit and ICTs
Adaptability to ICT's
Manage ICT's
ICT skills
ICT management in the company
Feedback of information using ICT's
Use ICT's
New techniques for the management
ICT skills progress
Appropriate approach to ICTs
Performance of
agricultural activities
Skills and
New ideas
Staff efficiency
Effectiveness in achieving goals
Results in relation to goals
Compliance with standards
Fulfillment of functions
Effective working hours
Cooperation in the face of problems
Acceptance of ideas
Willingness to work as part of a team
Dedication at work
Respect of rules at work
Staff knowledge and skills
Achievement of goals
Performance of duty
Job performance
Note: Variables, dimensions and indicators that integrate the academic unit under study.
The following types of research have been considered for the respective study:
Ponce (2003) expresses: "He is not interested in the increase of scientific theory but in
the resolution of practical problems" (p. 65). (p. 65).
The application of new ideas leads the student to enrich their knowledge, since it is not
only important to rely on scientific theoretical research without the analysis itself that
serves to generate new learning.
Ponce (2003) regarding experimental or field research, states:
It is the investigation or experiment in which the researcher manipulates and controls
the conditions of occurrence and maintenance of a phenomenon whose purpose is to
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e-ISSN: 2576-0971
observe the change. With this research it is possible to observe the manipulation of the
independent variable to control the dependent variables. It is the one that is located in
reality or as close to it as possible. It uses quantitative methodology for expost-facto
work and field experiments (for the social meanings that people give to the environment
that surrounds them). As the name indicates it is an experimental research that with
hypothetical deductive reasoning and quantitative methodology seeks to explain
phenomena even when maximum control is exercised to the provoked phenomenon.
(p. 67).
Experimental research has been designed with the purpose of determining, as reliably as
possible, cause-effect relationships, where the researcher controls and manipulates
conditions through observation when these phenomena have evolved.
The empirical method is a model of scientific research, which is based on empirical logic
and, together with the phenomenological method, is the most widely used in the field of
social sciences and hard sciences. (Cobas, Romeu, & Macias, 2010).
Its contribution to the research process is fundamentally the result of experience Its
usefulness stands out in the entry into unexplored fields or in those in which the
descriptive study stands out.
Therefore, empirical data are drawn from successful tests and errors, i.e., from
Non-participant scientific observation will make it possible to identify needs related to
knowledge formation of users and participant observation will make it possible to
identify problems affecting the effectiveness of knowledge formation work in learning.
The problem and the object of investigation are known, studying its natural course,
without altering the natural conditions, that is to say that the observation has a
contemplative aspect. According to OCHOA (2002) Observation forms the basis of
knowledge of all science and, at the same time, is the most generalized empirical
procedure of knowledge. He recognizes five elements in the process of observation:
1. The object of observation.
2. The subject or observer.
3. The circumstances or environment surrounding the observation.
4. Means of observation.
5. The body of knowledge of which the observation is a part. (page 4).
The survey will make it possible to evaluate the impact of the use of ICTs on the
performance of agricultural activities in the Agronomy Engineering program at the
Guayaquil campus of the Agrarian University of Ecuador.
The definition of the terms population and sample assumed in this work refers to:
(Sanchez, 2012) Defines: "THE aggregate or totality of the elementary units, that is, the
subjects whose study is of interest". (p. 132).
The Finite Population: For this study, the population of the Agronomy Engineering
Career at the Guayaquil campus of the Agrarian University of Ecuador will be
represented by: